If you don’t already have them, you will need to buy a cleanser, toner, moisturiser, defoliant, cotton pads & a face mask. Cleanse, tone and moisturise twice a day,
once in the morning before you put on makeup, and once at night before you go to bed. This will give your skin a chance to heal and breath overnight rather than being clogged by dirt or make up. It’s easiest to do this when in the shower as it makes rinsing easier, but if you are only washing your face, here’s how to do it:
- First, wash your hands so you won’t be transferring bacteria to your face.
- Wet your skin with warm water to open up your pores. Apply the cleanser and massage it into your skin in upwards, circular motions. Some products will work best if you leave it for a minute or so to allow it to dissolve dirt and makeup, and to let it get deep into your pores. During this time, continue to gently rub the cleanser in.
- Then remove, either with damp cotton pads, using a sponge, or by splashing with warm water, gently wiping until ALL the cleanser is removed. Never leave any cleanser on your face, as this encourages irritation, spots and imperfections.
- Finish off by rinsing your skin with cold water to close up the pores and prevent dirt getting back into them, and therefore preventing blemishes. It will also leave you looking more fresh faced, and less red.
- Dry your face gently by dabbing it with a clean towel or paper towels. Dirty towels transfer hundreds of bacteria onto your skin which can lead to imperfections.
- A few minutes after cleansing, tone your face with toner and a cotton pad. Toner is used to restore your skin’s natural pH levels which were probably altered during cleansing. By restoring your skin to its natural pH, you also make it more resistant against bacteria and micro-organisms. There are many different types of toner out there, some simply restore your skin’s pH, others also kill bacteria, or leave a spot-fighting ingredient on your skin. Look around the shops for one to suit your skin type. It’s most essential with people who have an oily skin type. If you don’t have an oily skin type, choose one that’s designed to be sensitive. Here’s how to use it.
- Apply a small amount of toner to a cotton pad and simply wipe over your entire face, but being careful to avoid the sensitive eye area. Do not rinse off!
- So after cleansing and toning you should moisturise with a face moisturiser for your skin type. This step can NOT be avoided, even if you have an oily skin type. It’s especially important for those with dry skin. There are loads of moisturiser products to choose from, such as gels (best for oily/spot prone skin), creams (best for dry/sensitive skin) and serums (best for normal/oily skin). Some provide anti-blemish action, some are anti-wrinkle, some contain fake tan, and some simply moisturise.
- When the toner is dried, apply a small blob of moisturiser, gently massaging in a circular motion into your face and neck. If you haven’t applied enough moisturiser and your skin still feels a little tight, then apply a bit more. If you apply too much & it feels too oily, then gently blot with some tissue. Some people also like to use a separate moisturiser which is designed for the eye area to prevent aging or swelling.
Once or twice a week, in place of your daily cleanser, you should